2019 FinAccess Household Survey Key Findings

The Central Bank of Kenya in collaboration with the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics and Financial Sector Deepening (FSD) have launched the Financial Access (FinAccess) Household Survey 2019.

The 2019 Survey seeks to improve on this track record by providing information beyond the conventional measures of access and usage.  It provides new information on the quality and impact dimensions, examining financial health and livelihoods, consumer protection, financial literacy in addition to probing more deeply on the frequency of usage. The survey also includes independent business and agriculture modules to better understand usage of financial products and services within these livelihoods, crucial for the development of an all-inclusive financial ecosystem for all Kenyans.

Measurement of financial inclusion in Kenya commenced in 2006 through the creation of FinAccess surveys implemented over the years by the Central Bank Kenya (CBK), Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) and Financial Sector Deepening (FSD) Kenya. Given the fast pace of financial sector development in Kenya, the FinAccess Survey constitutes an important tool for monitoring financial inclusion trends and dynamics, thus informing policy and industry on progress towards pro-poor and pro-growth financial sector development. Both the Central Bank of Kenya and The National Treasury and Planning have relied on FinAccess data to inform the development of policies that support inclusion. These include agency banking and national payments regulations as well as initiatives to improve transparency in the sector. Data generated from these surveys is also widely used by the private sector, development partners and researchers.

The 2019 survey findings clearly show that Kenya’s financial inclusion landscape has undergone a transformation since 2006. Formal financial inclusion has risen to 82.9 percent, up from 26.7 percent in 2006, while complete exclusion has narrowed to 11.0 percent from 41.3 percent in 2006. The disparities in financial access between rich and poor, men and women, and rural and urban areas have also declined remarkably. Key drivers of these changes include: the growth of mobile money, government initiatives and support, and developments in information and communications technology (ICT).

The significant reduction in the proportion of the adult population totally excluded from financial services and products vindicates the policies, strategies and reforms undertaken by the government as well as the widespread adoption of digital technology and innovations by financial sector players. These have helped in deepening financial inclusion by enabling the population to overcome infrastructural constraints to access especially in rural areas.

Launch of 2019 FinAccess Household Survey Report

FinAccess Survey launch presentation



Consumer Price Indices and Inflation Rates for March 2019

Kenya National Bureau of Statistics hereby releases monthly Consumer Price Indices (CPI) and rates of inflation, for March, 2019. These numbers were generated from a survey of retail prices that targeted a basket of household consumption goods and services. The exercise was conducted during the second and third weeks of the month, with prices being obtained from selected retail outlets in 25 data collection zones in Nairobi and in 13 other urban centers.

The CPI increased by 1.60  per cent from 195.78 in February 2019 to 198.91 in March 2019. The overall year on year inflation in March 2019 stood at 4.35 per cent.Consumer Price Indices and Inflation Rates for March 2019

CPI and rates of inflation for February 2019

Kenya National Bureau of Statistics hereby releases monthly Consumer Price Indices (CPI) and rates of inflation, for February, 2019. These numbers were generated from a survey of retail prices that targeted a basket of household consumption goods and services. The exercise was conducted during the second and third weeks of the month, with prices being obtained from selected retail outlets in 25 data collection zones in Nairobi and in 13 other urban centers.

The CPI increased by 0.82 per cent from 194.18 in January 2019 to 195.78 in February 2019. The overall year on year inflation in February 2019 stood at 4.14 per cent. CPI and rates of inflation for February 2018

Launch of the Gross County Product 2019 Report

The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) has released the Gross County Product (GCP) report. This is the inaugural publication which covers estimates from 2013, when the counties started operating to 2017. Gross County Product is a measure of how much each county contributes to Kenya’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and may therefore be interpreted as the “County GDP”.

The compilation of GCP is in accordance with international guidelines on estimation of regional gross domestic product. The compilation of report was done with assistance from the World Bank under the Kenya Accountable Devolution Program (KADP) – a multi-donor Trust Fund administered by the Bank and funded by DANIDA, DFID, the European Commission, Finland, Sweden and USAID.

The GCP estimates are meant to address increased demand for economic statistics at county level. The report fills an important gap of official statistics on the economic size of counties, structures of county economies (sectoral contribution) and growth rates. The GCP estimates also show the economic potential of the various counties in different sectors. The report will help address common misconceptions on the size of counties and their contributions to the national GDP. The analytics show that while some counties have a small contribution to the national GDP, they have greater potential for faster rate of growth and potential for catch-up with the dominant contributors.

The enactment of the Constitution of Kenya 2010 led to county-oriented development planning that in turn resulted in increased demand for county-level data. Economic statistics to guide policy and planning at the county level are now needed for measures including Gross Domestic Product (GDP), economic growth, per capita income, sectoral growth and employment. It is in response to some of these needs that KNBS embarked on the compilation of estimates of Gross County Product in 2017.

The KNBS Director General Mr Zachary Mwangi said “It is important for us to be alive to the fact that information that govern policy formulation at the county level should be informed by county specific data, that reflect how the counties are faring in various aspects of socio-economic development. Since the enactment of the constitution, KNBS has endeavored to produce statistics that are disaggregated by county to the extent possible.”

 KNBS intends to be publishing the GCP estimates on an annual basis and has developed a framework for integrating GCP, growth rates and sectoral contribution in the system of national accounts.

The Gross County Product (GCP) report was officially released by Mr. Henry Rotich, Cabinet Secretary, The National Treasury and Planning in the presence of Dr. Julius Muia, Principal Secretary, State Dept. for Planning, The National Treasury and Planning. Also present were senior officials from the Government, World Bank, other development partner’s agencies and the media.

Gross County Product 2019

Launch of the Gross County Product 2019 Report


Census : Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What is a population census?
A population census is the total count of a population at a specified time within a country’s boundary or in a well delineated part of a country.

2. How often is a Population and Housing Census undertaken in Kenya?
Population and Housing Census is conducted every ten years in line with the international standards. Kenya has conducted seven censuses in 1948, 1962, 1969, 1979, 1989, 1999, 2009. Kenya has conducted censuses after every ten years since 1969.

3. When will the next census be conducted?
Kenya’s next census will be conducted in August 2019 from the night of 24th/25th to 31st August, 2019.

4. Who will be counted?
All persons who will be found within Kenya’s boundaries on the night of 24th/25th August, 2019 will be counted regardless of whether they are visitors or not.

5. Who takes lead in implementation of Census in Kenya?
Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, as part of its mandate, spearheads the undertaking of the Census on behalf of the government through, an Act of parliament and a gazetted legal notice. This is done in collaboration with different Ministries, Departments, Agencies, learning institutions private sector and development partners.

6. Who is Kenya National Bureau of Statistics?
Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) is the principal Government agency responsible for collection, compilation, analysis, publication and dissemination of official statistical information and is the custodian of official statistical information.

7. Why conduct a census?
Census is the primary source of reliable and detailed data on the size, distribution and composition of the population in the country at a specified time. The information collected during census when analyzed gives an accurate picture of how many people are living in the country/county at every administrative level and their living conditions as well as access to basic services. This will inform planners on the social services people require such as education, healthcare, housing and transport. The data is also vital for monitoring internationally and locally agreed upon agenda such as Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Vision 2030, the Big Four Agenda etc.

8. What is new about 2019 Census?
The 2019 Census will be administered using computer aided personal interviewing (CAPI) technique. A tablet will be used to capture the information directly for better accuracy and faster processing of the data. The Bureau has adhered to international guidelines which advocate for the values of professionalism, transparency, accountability and integrity required of statistical systems in maintaining credibility and public confidence.

9. Will Biometrics be taken during the 2019 Census?
No. The 2019 Census will follow the UN Principles and Recommendations for population and housing censuses, which do not recommend use of biometrics to capture details of household members.

10. Who will answer questions in the census questionnaire?
The questions in the questionnaire will be answered by the household head or any other responsible member of the household who can provide the required information about all those who spent the night of 24th/25th August in the household at the time of the interview.

11. Why do I have to participate in Census 2019?
Census data is used for planning purposes. If you do not participate, the data collected will not be a true reflection of the Kenyan population. The Government as well as private sector needs accurate information for effective planning and policy formulation.

12. How do I know that the person at my door is from KNBS?
KNBS enumerators will be identified as follows:
a) A branded reflector jacket with the Census and KNBS logos
b) Identification documents provided by KNBS
c) The enumerators will be accompanied by village elders or persons known by the residents who will introduce them to the household

13. How will you make sure I am counted?
The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics has been conducting cartographic mapping since 2016 where the whole country and existing homesteads and households in the villages are mapped. This will be used to create Enumeration Areas (EAs), each with its map for all villages in the entire country. Each enumerator will be assigned an EA with clear boundaries to guide him/her to ensure total coverage, with no omission or duplication. After your household has been visited a number will be written at a secure place in your household such as the top corner of the door to indicate that counting has taken place in the household.

14. Whom do I contact in case my household is not covered?
In case your household will not have been contacted by 31 August, a toll free number will be provided for you to contact KNBS to send an enumerator to enumerate your household.

15. How will the information collected be treated?

The information that you will provide to the census personnel will be treated with strict confidentiality in accordance with the Statistics Act, 2006. According to the Act, anybody working with KNBS who discloses personal details of a respondent is liable to prosecution. Everyone who will be expected to have access to respondents’ personal details during the census, will take an oath of secrecy to ensure that they protect the privacy/confidentiality of those who provided the information.

16. In which languages are the questionnaires available?
The questionnaires will be in English and Kiswahili languages. The enumerators will also be able to speak in the local dialects since they will be recruited from the localities they reside in.

17. How long does it take to fill in the questionnaire?
The time taken in a household will depend on the number of persons who will be present in the household on the census night. However, on average, it will take between 35-45 minutes to complete enumeration of a household.

18. What will show that a household has been enumerated?
After enumeration, the officials will write a number on the door or any visible place on the structure to indicate that counting has been conducted in the household. PLEASE DO NOT ERASE THE NUMBER.

19. Do I need to show any documents to the enumerator?
The enumerator will take down all particulars as given by you. In case you are not sure of some information (e.g. age) you may check your documents to confirm and provide accurate information.

20. Will I be enumerated if I am in a hotel or on transit on Census night?
Yes, you will be enumerated irrespective of where you will be on the census night provided you are within the borders of Kenya. There are five different questionnaires that will be used during enumeration. One main questionnaire and four short ones. The main questionnaire will be used to enumerate persons in conventional households; the short questionnaires will be used to enumerate people who are on transit (e.g. at airports, bus stops, etc.), those in institutions (e.g. schools, prisons, hotels etc.), outdoor sleepers and emigrants.

21. If on the night of the 24th/25th August, I am out of the country, will I be counted?
No. KNBS conducts a de facto census, which means that people will be counted depending on where they will be on the night of 24th/25th August. Anyone who was in the country before midnight of 24th/25th August will be counted; anyone who enters the country after the 24/25th August 2019 will not.
However, a short questionnaire on emigrants will be used to collect information in households that have had emigrants in the last 15 years. Their information will be provided by the head of the household and responsible member of the household.

22. If I have visitors on the night of the 24th/25th August, should they be counted as part of my household?
Anyone who will be present in your household on the night of 24th/25th August, 2019 will be counted together with your household. Everyone will be counted depending on where they will be on the night of 24th/25th August, 2019. Those who will be on duty working (e.g. a nurse) on that night will be counted with his/her household that he/she will return to the following day after work.

23. Will refugees be counted?
Everybody who will be within the Kenyan boundaries on census night (night of 24th/25th August 2019) will be counted including refugees.

24. What questions will be asked?
The census questionnaire that contains questions to be asked during the 2019 Census can be downloaded from www.knbs.or.ke.

25. Why is the ethnic background asked about?
Data on ethnicity is collected for its statistical value, not because of the numbers but in the label/attribute. The information has enormous socio-cultural value that is useful in planning and research. Ethnicity influences lifestyle, which determines certain demographic, social and economic characteristics that drive socio-economic development. All previous censuses conducted in Kenya have collected data on ethnicity, reflecting a long-standing and continuing demand for information about ethno-cultural characteristics of the Kenyan population. Kenyans are encouraged to use the information positively and responsibly.

26. Why do you ask questions about the household assets I have in my house?
The information collected gives the status of well-being for the household, and is used to generate economic and social indicators.

27. Will the general public access the results?
The general public will be able to access the census results once they have been launched. The census results will also be available to the public through the KNBS website and publications (inform of preliminary results, basic reports, detailed reports (monographs), maps etc.).

28. Has KNBS advertised the census jobs for supervisors and enumerators?
The job advertisements will only be done in the local national newspapers and the KNBS website (www.knbs.or.ke). The positions will be advertised from June 2019. For now no advertisement has been done and the public is advised not to fall prey to conmen who are out to swindle them of money. The Government does not ask for money from its citizens when they apply jobs.

29. What are the security arrangements in place?
The county census committees will be in charge of security arrangements in the respective counties. This will involve in part use of local administration and recruitment of enumeration personnel from the areas they reside. Each security team is expected to take measures according to the unique security concerns in their areas.

Should you have any further questions or comments about 2019 Census please contact us on Tel: 020 3317583/6/8, Hotline Numbers: 0701244533, 0735004401 or email us at [email protected] Visit our website: www.knbs.or.ke.

Consumer Price Indices and Inflation Rates for January 2019

Kenya National Bureau of Statistics hereby releases monthly Consumer Price Indices (CPI) and rates of inflation, for January, 2019. These numbers were generated from a survey of retail prices that targeted a basket of household consumption goods and services. The exercise was conducted during the second and third weeks of the month, with prices being obtained from selected retail outlets in 25 data collection zones in Nairobi and in 13 other urban centers.

The CPI increased by 0.35 per cent from 193.51 in December 2018 to 194.18 in January 2019. The overall year on year inflation in January 2019 stood at 4.70 per cent.Download Consumer Price Indices and Inflation Rates for January 2019

Use of Geographic Information System and Geo-Spatial Technology in Managing and Mapping for the 2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census

The history of census undertaking in Kenya dates back to 1948 when the first population census was carried out. The subsequent censuses were undertaken in 1962, 1969, 1979, 1989, 1999 and 2009. From 1969 to date, the censuses have been conducted after every ten years. The last of these decennial censuses was held in 2009.
The collection of social economic statistics in Kenya and conducting of national censuses is carried out under the Statistics Act, 2006 of the country’s laws. Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) is mandated to be the official custodian of all the statistical information in the country and is therefore the organization charged with the responsibility of carrying out censuses and sample surveys.
The importance of the census cannot be overemphasized, especially in the new devolved governance system that has two levels of governments. As per the Constitution of Kenya, 2010, there are 47 counties whose size and boundaries are based on the former 47 legally recognized districts of Kenya. One of the census preparatory activities is cartographic mapping, which is the delineation of the country into counting units, also known as Enumeration Areas, for use during census enumeration. Specifically, this helps in determining the personnel, materials and logistical requirements (budgeting). In the 2020 round of Population and Housing Censuses, the UN recommends that countries conducting census make use of new technology in getting up to date databases of geographic boundaries. This is achieved by use of mobile devices, remote sensing products such as satellite imageries and aerial photographs and use of Geographical Information System (GIS) in data collection and map production. A census map is prepared for each sub-location and it contains all the Enumeration Areas (EAs) within the sub-location.
Maps have proved to be indispensable products in conducting population censuses since they will ensure completeness of the coverage throughout the country and eliminate the possibility of double coverage of the population. Maps will also:
a) Facilitate in assigning areas of counting to enumerators during the census
b) Enable the enumerators to plan their movement within the EA and identify households earmarked for call-backs especially in the urban areas
c) Enable effective supervision
e) Help in presenting the results of a census.
Having drawn from the experiences of the 2009 census, there is great optimism that the current cartographic mapping for 2019 census will be fully achieved using the GIS and the output products will be of much higher quality. Towards this end, the Kenyan government with the support of the development partners has continued to provide resources to support the project and make it a success.
Status of census cartographic mapping
The Government of Kenya has recognized the fact that census cartographic mapping is a key activity, which if properly implemented ensures the success of census enumeration. Measures have therefore been put in place to enable a successful completion of the exercise. Cartographic mapping started in 2016 and is still on going with thirty- nine (39) counties fully mapped, mapping on-going in four (4) counties and four (4) pending as indicated on the map below.

A pilot census was conducted in August 2018, in selected sub-locations in the following 12 counties; Kwale, Kilifi, Makueni, Nairobi, Nyeri, Tharaka Nithi, Mandera, Kericho, Busia, Kisumu, Kisii and West Pokot. This was used to test the preparedness of the Bureau in undertaking the census and to test the use of the new technology and the applicability of the maps.
We therefore call on Kenyans to cooperate with the teams undertaking the ongoing preparatory activities for the census to enable us to collect the information that will improve your livelihood and make the national and county governments more responsive to your needs. As you are aware, accurate data is necessary for making evidence-based decisions.


Media Briefing on 2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census

Speech by the Cabinet Secretary, The National Treasury and Planning, Mr. Henry K. Rotich, EGH During the Press Briefing on The 2019 Population and Housing Census, Held at Radisson Blu Hotel On 23rd January, 2019

Talking Notes for The Principal Secretary, State Department of Planning, Dr. Julius Muia, During the Media Briefing on the Progress of Implementation of The 2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census

Consumer Price Indices and Inflation Rates for December 2018

Kenya National Bureau of Statistics hereby releases monthly Consumer Price Indices (CPI) and rates of inflation for December, 2018. These numbers were generated from a survey of retail prices that targeted a basket of household consumption goods and services. The exercise was conducted during the second and third weeks of the month, with prices being obtained from selected retail outlets in 25 data collection zones in Nairobi and in 13 other urban centers.

The CPI increased by 0.65 per cent from 192.25 in November 2018 to 193.51 in December 2018. The overall year on year inflation in December stood at 5.71 per cent. Consumer Price Indices and Inflation Rates for December 2018


The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) would like to bring to the attention of the public that it has not placed any job advertisement for the 2019 Census, as is being purported through social media.

We wish to notify the public that all our recruitments are coordinated from our Human Resource Management and Development office in Nairobi. All KNBS job advertisements are done through the daily newspapers, uploaded on the website, www.knbs.or.ke, and a link sent to the official social media sites. Anytime you receive job advertisements purported to be from the Bureau, kindly verify such details from our official platforms.

The recruitment processes are free, fair and do not involve exchange of money or favors of any kind. Members of public are therefore advised NOT to send any money for employment.

The people behind the advert are fraudsters and conmen posing as employees of the Bureau for their selfish gains.

We caution the public to be wary of such individuals who purport to be recruiting on   behalf of the Bureau.

For further enquiries


The Director General

Kenya National Bureau of Statistics

P.O. Box 30266-00100


Tel:     +254(0)20-3 317 583/612/651/723/622/588/586

+254 701 244 533

Website: www.knbs.or.ke

Twitter handle @KNBStats

Facebook page Kenya Stats

Email; [email protected]

[email protected]



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