2019 Census Backgrounder

Kenya is set to have its sixth national Census since independence on the night of 24th August 2019. The previous population Censuses were held in 1948, 1962 (pre-independence), 1969, 1979, 1989, 1999 and 2009. The practice of counting the population dates back to ancient times. Historical records show that ancient rulers needed to count their people in order to calculate the amount of taxes they would expect. Censuses have therefore formed the basis for planning of resources for many centuries.

This will be the first Census exercise being conducted since the promulgation of the new constitution and it will help in improved allocation of resources to the counties. For the first time, the enumeration process will be carried out using digital gadgets, a paperless process that will guarantee accuracy, speed of processing and security of the data.

The Census is an important process to which the Government attaches great value, due to the need for evidence in planning. Evidence-based decision making is a universally recognised approach to the efficient management of countries. Furthermore, the United Nations recognises the importance of population and housing Censuses and therefore has issued international principles and recommendations to assist statistical offices and Census officials, throughout the world, in planning and carrying out improved and cost-effective censuses.

USE OF CENSUS DATA
The modern-day census is an integral requirement for development of plans to grow the economy and improve living standards. The data generated informs planners of current status and provides a guidance and justification for approaches taken in developing various sectors of development. Some examples of the use of census data are provision of:

• Comprehensive and detailed data on Kenya’s population, including their demographic and socio-economic characteristics at the lowest administrative of geographic level

• The necessary data for evaluating the population status in the country during the ten-year period separating the two censuses

• Data on available housing units, their utilities, characteristics and living conditions and the essential basic data for formulating housing policies

• The basis for updating population databases up to the lowest level of administrative unit

• Valuable input in monitoring the progress towards achievement of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and other national aspirations including Vision 2030 and the Big Four agenda

• The basis for preparing population projections

• The benchmark data for studying the direction and trend of population changes.
• Delinieation of boundaries
• To create a sampling frame from which household-based surveys will be undertaken

Apart from government planning and policy development, the data collected in the census also serves data users in the private sector at various levels. This can help private companies to base their investment, sales and marketing strategies on empirical data.

The census data is also widely used by researchers in conducting social and economic studies.

THE CENSUS PROCESS
The Kenya National Bureau for Statistics (KNBS) has received support from the government and development partners to implement the Census, which will cost about Kshs. 18.5 billion. All activities of the census are being coordinated by the National Census Steering Committee, which is headed by the Principal Secretary, State Department for Planning. About 165,000 enumerators and supervisors will be engaged during the Census.

County census committees have already been set up and were responsible for recruiting the enumerators and supervisors, who are expected to work in their respective areas.

The enumerators are expected to visit households from 6:00 p.m. on Saturday August 24th, 2019 and will spend about 30 minutes in each house, though this may be shorter or longer depending on the number of members in the household. Among the information to be gathered includes, age, sex, date of birth, nationality, ethnicity, religion, mental status, place of birth. Females will be asked about how many living children who were born by them.

The KNBS adheres to international guidelines which advocate for the values of professionalism, transparency, accountability and integrity required of statistical systems in maintaining credibility and public confidence.

Preparations for the Census are proceeding well with major activities, particularly recruitment and training of enumerators and supervisors, being completed. After the actual counting stage (what is known as the reference night), the Bureau will carry out the data processing and analysis after which it is expected that preliminary data will be released in three months.

ROLE OF MEDIA
Public confidence in the media is well-documented. As part of a publicity and advocacy campaign to support this year’s Census, KNBS is engaging with the media in Kenya by providing them with sufficient updated information about the Census process. The intention is to enlist their support towards publicizing the Census but also explaining why the census is important.

Get ready to be counted

Press Statement by the Acting Cabinet Secretary for National Treasury and Planning Hon. (Amb.) Ukur Yatani on the upcoming 2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census

Get ready to be counted

I wish to inform the public that plans for the 2019 Population and Housing Census which will start from night of 24/25th August 2019 and continue up to 31st August 2019 are complete. This will be the eighth Census since, 1948 and the sixth since independence. The Census is an important process to which the Government attaches great value, due to the need for evidence in planning. Evidence-based decision making is a universally recognized approach to the efficient management of countries.

The implementation of the Census is anchored on the United Nations Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses and guidelines for conducting the 2020 round of censuses. These guide statistical agencies throughout the world, in planning and carrying out improved, internationally comparable and, cost-effective censuses.

It will be the first Census to be undertaken since the introduction of devolution in line with the Constitution of Kenya 2010. The census is implemented in three phases namely; Pre-enumeration, Enumeration and Post enumeration.

The Government through the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS), has completed most of the pre-enumeration activities as follows:

• Cartographic Mapping of the whole country to establish enumeration areas (EAs). The mapping started in 2016 and was completed in May 2019. A total of 129,123 enumeration areas were established with each having an average of 100 households. Each EA will be served by one enumerator.
• Census Questionnaires. The census questionnaires were developed through a consultative process with the stakeholders. The key thematic areas covered include individual information regarding sex, age, religion, marital status, ethnicity/nationality and migration status, fertility levels of females aged 12 years and above, information regarding persons with disability, education attainment, labour force particulars, information regarding ICT, agriculture and household conditions and amenities.
• Data capture: For the first time, the census data will be captured electronically through a mobile device (tablet). The data capture application has been designed and has in-built checks to ensure data quality. This paperless process will further guarantee data security and timeliness of processing and release of results.
• A pilot census was undertaken in August 2018. It sought to test various aspects which include; logistics, accuracy of the maps, questionnaires, adequacy of personnel and data capture application.
• Recruitment of census personnel who include 2,467 ICT supervisors, 22,268 content supervisors and 138,572 enumerators has been undertaken through the County Census Committees.
• Mobile devices and other accessories to be used for data collection have been assembled locally by Moi University in Eldoret and Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology in Kiambu County. It is worth mentioning that the assembly process has indeed created employment opportunities for many young Kenyans while also promoting the “Buy Kenya Build Kenya initiative.” At the same time, the process resulted in acquisition and transfer of valuable knowledge and skills. All ICT infrastructure as well as security of equipment are in place thereby guaranteeing a smooth enumeration process.

I wish further to inform you that:

• The Training of the ICT supervisors was completed on 2nd August 2019, while the training of the content supervisors that started on 5th August 2019 will end on 11th August 2019. The final training of enumerators will commence on 14th August 2019 and be completed on 21st August 2019.
• On publicity and advocacy, which has been intensified from today, we are embarking on an intensive campaign with a view of creating the needed awareness of the exercise. The purpose of the campaign is to minimize mis-conception about the various pertinent concerns by the members of the public regarding census. I wish at this stage to appeal to our political leaders to take their respective roles in preparing their regions/ Counties to support the census process.
• I further confirm that all necessary security arrangements regarding census have been completed. I wish to assure Kenyans that the security of all persons who will be visited during the census enumeration and for the personnel who will be conducting enumeration is fully guaranteed by the government. In this regard, the census officers will be accompanied by the village elders or residents’ association leaders, known to the household members for purposes of comfort setting.

Assurance
The Government wishes to assure Kenyans that the utmost level of the confidentiality of the information that will be collected will be guaranteed in conformity with the UN fundamental Principles of Official Statistics and as stipulated in the Statistics Act, 2006.

I thank the Cabinet Secretary for Education for agreeing to our request for moving the opening of schools to 2nd September 2019 for purposes of the census.

We have also requested the Cabinet Secretary for the Ministry of Interior and Coordination of National Government to liaise with His Excellency the President to declare 26th August 2019 a public holiday to facilitate a smooth enumeration process.

All residents are encouraged to cooperate with the teams that will visit them for the census enumeration and provide accurate information. We are therefore saying to all Jitokeze Uhesabike!

Consumer Price Indices and Inflation Rates for July 2019

Kenya National Bureau of Statistics hereby releases monthly Consumer Price Indices (CPI) and rates of inflation, for July, 2019. These numbers were generated from a survey of retail prices that targeted a basket of household consumption goods and services. The exercise was conducted during the second and third weeks of the month, with prices being obtained from selected retail outlets in 25 data collection zones in Nairobi and 13 other urban centers.

The CPI decreased by 0.36  per cent from 204.34 in June 2019 to  203.61 in July  2019. The overall year on year inflation in July 2019 stood at 6.27 per cent.

Consumer Price Indices and Inflation Rates for July 2019

KNBS Meets with Faith Based Organizations Leaders on the 2019 Census

Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) Board Chairman Mr Peter Kiguta is appealing to faith-based organisations to embrace the 2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census slated for 24th/25th August. Mr Kiguta urged the organisations to utilise their networks and infrastructure to deliver Census messages and materials to their congregations across the country.

Speaking during a breakfast meeting with the organisations at Kenyatta International Convention Centre, Mr Kiguta said, “We would like to make a special request to you to share information about the census through announcements during services and prayers to all congregations. As the census approaches, we will be reaching out to you and give you census materials to be distributed across the country”.

He also requested the leaders to encourage household heads in their congregations to receive census enumerators, and to provide all information required. He indicated that the census takes place after every ten years and the information sought is of great value to the government.

For the first time, the enumeration process will be paperless because data will be captured using tablets. KNBS Director General Mr Zachary Mwangi reiterated that the use of technology during the enumeration process will shorten the time taken to release preliminary results, which would be three months after the completion of enumeration. Mr Mwangi also said data would be transmitted to the server from the start of enumeration in real time.

The Census is an important process to which the Government attaches great value, due to the need for evidence in planning. In relation to this, Mr Mwangi said, “data generated will be used to up-date various socio-economic and demographic indicators, provide benchmark indicators, resource allocation, review of administrative boundaries, give population projections, develop sampling frames and used for research”.

This meeting was held as part of the intensive nationwide communication and advocacy campaigns that will involve a combination of approaches including the use of traditional and social media, face-to-face meetings with various leaders and dissemination of information, education and communication materials to the lowest administrative units.

The 2019 Population and Housing Census, it the sixth since Kenya attained independence. It is the first census to be conducted since the introduction of devolution as provided for by the Constitution of Kenya 2010.

The Census is an important process to which the Government attaches great value, due to the need for evidence in planning. Evidence-based decision making is a universally recognised approach to the efficient management of countries.

The United Nations recognises the importance of population and housing Censuses and therefore has issued international principles and recommendations to assist statistical offices and Census officials, throughout the world, in planning and carrying out improved and cost-effective censuses.

Ends…

KNBS prepared for the 2019 Population and Housing Census

The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) has assured Kenyans that preparations for 2019 Population and Housing Census slated for the night of August 24th2019 are proceeding as scheduled.

The Director General, Mr. Zachary Mwangi says for the first time Kenya will leverage newer technology to ensure the census exercise is conducted as per expected global standards.

“The KNBS is working round the clock to ensure preparations for the census are completed within the agreed timelines and meet the internationally recognized thresholds,” said Mr. Mwangi during a media briefing.

He added: “This time round census data will be captured electronically through a paperless process. It will incorporate use of data collection tablets that have been locally assembled at the Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, and Moi University.”

About 170,000 enumerators and supervisors are being recruited to work in this year’s Housing and Population Census. The recruitment process is ongoing and will be completed by 12th of July 2019.

“This exercise has to adhere to internationally recognized guidelines which advocate for the values of professionalism, transparency, accountability and integrity required of statistical systems in maintaining credibility and public confidence,” he emphasized.

2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Media Briefing- 8th July, 2019

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product Report First Quarter, 2019

Economic activity was notably subdued in the first quarter of 2019 relative to the performance recorded in the same quarter of 2018. During the period, the economy expanded by 5.6 per cent compared to 6.5 per cent in the corresponding quarter of 2018. The growth, albeit significantly slower than that of the first quarter of 2018, was mostly supported by growths in the service sector industries such as wholesale and retail trade, transportation, accommodation and food services, financial and insurance activities.
The quarter was characterized by slowdown in agricultural activities following delay in the onset of long rains. The agriculture, forestry and fishing sector grew by 5.3 per cent compared to a growth of 7.5 per cent in the first quarter of 2018. The slowdown in agricultural growth somewhat affected agro-processing and consequently led to slowed manufacturing activities during the review period.

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product Report First Quarter, 2019

Quarterly Balance of Payments Report First Quarter, 2019

Consumer Price Indices and Inflation Rates for June 2019

Kenya National Bureau of Statistics hereby releases monthly Consumer Price Indices (CPI) and rates of inflation, for June, 2019. These numbers were generated from a survey of retail prices that targeted a basket of household consumption goods and services. The exercise was conducted during the second and third weeks of the month, with prices being obtained from selected retail outlets in 25 data collection zones spread across Nairobi and 13 other urban centers.

The CPI decreased by 0.69 per cent from 205.77 in May 2019 to 204.34 in June 2019. The overall inflation stood at 5.70 per cent in June 2019. Consumer Price Indices and Inflation Rates for June 2019

Consumer Price Indices and Inflation Rates for May 2019

Kenya National Bureau of Statistics hereby releases monthly Consumer Price Indices (CPI) and rates of inflation, for May, 2019. These numbers were generated from a survey of retail prices that targeted a basket of household consumption goods and services. The exercise was conducted during the second and third weeks of the month, with prices being obtained from selected retail outlets in 25 data collection zones in Nairobi and 13 other urban centres representing the various regions of the country.

The overall ‘year on year’ inflation in May 2019 stood at 5.49 per cent. In addition, the CPI decreased by 0.07 per cent from 205.90 in April 2019 to 205.77 in May 2019. Consumer Price Indices and Inflation Rates for May 2019

 

Foreign investment survey 2018

Kenya has continued to make impressive progress in strengthening the investment climate, with the objective of making the country a regional industrial and financial hub. The country improved significantly in its ranking in the World Bank Doing Business 2019 Indicators moving 19 places to position 61 from 80 out of 190 countries in the 2017. Investments have expanded in the country, principally in the finance and insurance; trade; manufacturing, communication and education industries.

In order to support economic policy making and to monitor risks that may arise from these investments, the collection of reliable and timely data is important. Results from the foreign investment surveys will be integrated into the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position (IIP) statistics. The Foreign Investment Survey (FIS) 2018 is the fifth in the series since the launch of the surveys in 2010.

The survey captured data on foreign capital stocks and flows for the period 2016 and 2017. A total of 740 enterprises were targeted during FIS 2018, with a response rate of 74.6 per cent compared to 72.8 per cent recorded in the FIS 2016.Download The Foreign investment survey 2018

Consumer Price Indices and Inflation Rates for April 2019

Kenya National Bureau of Statistics hereby releases monthly Consumer Price Indices (CPI) and rates of inflation, for April 2019. These numbers were generated from a survey of retail prices that targeted a basket of household consumption goods and services. The exercise was conducted during the second and third weeks of the month, with prices being obtained from selected retail outlets in 25 data collection zones in Nairobi and in 13 other urban centers.

The CPI increased by 3.51 per cent from 198.91 in March 2019 to 205.90 in April 2019. The overall year on year inflation in April 2019 stood at 6.58 per cent.Consumer Price Indices and Inflation Rates for April 2019

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