1. HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus
2. AIDS – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
3. HIV – A virus that enters in a Human body and attacks, destroys the
Immune system
4. AIDS – Full blown case of HIV when the body systems is incapable of
dealing with the virus or opportunistic infections.


1. Initial infection of HIV (1 to 6 weeks)
2. Seroconversion – Body produces HIV antibodies (6 -12 weeks of infection)
3. Asymptomatic Phase – Body fluids and cells will test positive for HIV and
no symptoms of AIDS
4. Symptomatic Stage
a) Weakened immune system
b) Drastic reduction of T4 – cell
c) Increased viral load
d) Death


a) Sexual intercourse – common mode 80%
b) Blood transfusion – Most efficient mode 5-10%
c) Mother to child transmission (PMTC) – 10%
d) Unsterilized piercing instruments.

Gross Domestic Product (First Quarter 2013)

The economy grew by 5.2 per cent during the first quarter of 2013 compared to a growth of 3.9 per cent realized during the same quarter of 2012.

  • The second quarter of 2013 was characterized by low inflation rate, which averaged at 4.37 per cent compared to an average of 11.78 per cent that prevailed during the second quarter of 2012. The ease in the inflationary pressure was mainly on account of lower food and fuel prices as well as a stronger shilling. The Kenya shilling strengthened against all its major trading currencies except the euro during the review period compared to the same period of 2012. The most notable gains being against the Japanese Yen and the South African Rand. A 100 Japanese Yen exchanged at an average of KSh 85.65 during the review quarter compared to KSh 100.73 in the second quarter of 2012.
  • International oil prices declined during the quarter under review compared to the first quarter of 2013 but nevertheless remained relatively higher than the levels reached during the second quarter of 2012. Interest rates dropped significantly during the second quarter of 2013 compared to the same quarter of 2012. Inter-bank rates recorded the most drastic drop from 16.84 during the second quarter of 2012 to 7.41 in the quarter under review. Average Yield Rates 91 – day Treasury Bills averaged at 8.68 during the review quarter down from 12.43 recorded in the second quarter of 2012. Read More

Economic Survey – 2013: Other past editions are also available

PAGES: 302 P.

ISBN :9966-767-43-6 PRICE: KSHS. 1500/=


This is an annual publication normally published during the month of May. It analyses the economic performance of various sectors of the Kenyan Economy and presents information for both the current and the past four years. The main areas covered include the following:-

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