CPI and Inflation Rates for November 2014

cpi112014.fwKenya National Bureau of Statistics hereby releases Consumer Price Indices (CPI) and inflation rates for November 2014. These numbers have been generated using data collected during the second and third weeks of the month under review. The prices were obtained from selected retail outlets in 25 data collection zones located in 13 urban centers.

The CPI decreased by 0.05 per cent from 151.92 in September to 151.85 in November 2014. The overall inflation rate stood at 6.09 per cent in November 2014

Download CPI and Inflation Rates for November 2014

Leading Economic Indicators October 2014

LEI1014.fwThe Leading Economic Indicators for the month of October 2014 highlights trends in Consumer Price Indices (CPI) and inflation, interest rates, exchange rates, international trade, agriculture, energy, manufacturing, building and construction, tourism and transport.

Consumer Price Index (CPI) declined from 152.24 points in September 2014 to 151.92 points in October 2014. The overall rate of inflation fell from 6.60 per cent to 6.43 per cent during the same period. In October, the Kenyan Shilling appreciated against all the major currencies except the US dollar.
The average yield rate for the 91-day Treasury bills, which is a benchmark for the general trend of interest rates, rose to 8.67 per cent in October 2014 from 8.35 per cent in September 2014. The inter-bank rates dropped to 6.76 per cent during the period. The Nairobi Securities Exchange 20 share index fell from 5,256 points in September 2014 to 5,195 points in October 2014, while the total number of shares traded decreased from 767 million to 506 million shares during the same period. The total value of NSE shares traded increased from KSh 19.24 billion to KSh 19.29 billion over the same period. Broad money supply (M3), a key indicator for monetary policy formulation expanded from KSh 2,251.76 billion in September 2014 to KSh 2,260.02 billion in October 2014. Gross Foreign Exchange Reserves fell from KSh 871.7 billion in August 2014 to KSh 845.5 billion in September 2014. Net Foreign Exchange Reserves decreased from KSh 483.2 to Ksh 448.4 billion over the same period. Download Leading Economic Indicator October 2014

Official launch of the 2014 global adult tobacco survey (GATS) findings

gats2014.fwTobacco use is one of the most common risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs). According to the Kenya Ministry of Health, NCDs contribute to nearly 50% of all admissions in public hospitals countrywide. In Kenya, 69 per 100,000 deaths for individuals aged 30 and above result from tobacco use. Five percent of all non-communicable deaths in Kenya result from tobacco use, and 55% of all deaths from cancers of the trachea, bronchitis, and lung are attributable to tobacco.
The survey found that:
19.1% of men, 4.5% of women, and 11.6% overall (2.5 million adults) currently used tobacco (smoking and/or smokeless tobacco).
15.1% of men, 0.8% of women, and 7.8% overall (1.7 million adults) currently smoked tobacco.
5.3% of men, 3.8% of women, and 4.5% overall (1.0 million adults) currently used smokeless tobacco.
72.0% of daily tobacco users use tobacco (smoking and/or smokeless tobacco) within 30 minutes of waking up.
Overall, 6.0% of the adults were daily tobacco smokers, 1.8% were occasional tobacco users, while 92.2% were non-smokers. An estimated 6.7% and 4.5% of the rural and urban residents, respectively, were daily tobacco smokers.
Overall, 41.3% of current smokers initiated smoking between 20-24 years of age, while 32.3% initiated between 17-19 years, 13.5% between 15-16 years, and 7.5% when they were less than 15 years of age.
Among tobacco users, 61.0% used smoked tobacco only (72.2% of men and 16.1% of women), 33.2% used smokeless tobacco only (20.8% of men and 83.0% of women) and 5.8% used both smoked and smokeless tobacco (7.0% of men and 1.0% of women).

The majority of men smoked tobacco while most female tobacco users used smokeless tobacco (Figure 1).tobaccouse2014.fw



Executive Summary GATS 2014

Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) Fact sheet 2014


Foreign Investment Survey 2013

fis2013.fwBefore 1993, all foreign exchange transactions were controlled by the Central Bank of Kenya (CBK), and therefore all data on foreign exchange transactions was available. The liberalization of economies has led to large inflows of private capital into the country.

These flows have significant macroeconomic effects on the economy that demand urgent policy responses. Information on the level and composition of private capital flows are important for appropriate and timely decisions by policy makers. Despite of the importance of capital flows information, Kenya has conducted only one survey with a reference period of 2007 and 2008.

Foreign Investment Survey 2013 which captured data on foreign private capital flows and stocks for the period 2009, 2010 and 2011 is an initiative intended to provide more information. The first Foreign Investment Survey (FIS 2010) collected data on a sample of 900 enterprises with foreign transactions/positions.

The second Foreign Investment Survey (FIS 2013) targeted a sample of 500 enterprises which were selected on the basis of FIS 2010. These are enterprises that were found to have foreign transactions during the FIS 2010 and contributed to 90.0 per cent of the total foreign transactions.

The specific objectives of the survey was to; collect data necessary to improve the quality of Balance of Payments (BOP) statistics and compilation of International Investment Position (IIP) statistics, collect data necessary for assessment of investors’ perceptions of the investment climate in the country, with a view to identifying ways to improve it and comply with international standards of compilation and reporting of BOP and IIP statistics.

The main analytical tool for the Foreign Investment Survey 2013 was a questionnaire administered to enterprises with Foreign Assets and Liabilities (FAL). Additional information on flows was sought from Export Processing Zones Authority (EPZA), CBK, Capital Markets Authority (CMA) and Kenya Investment Authority (KenInvest). The survey was designed to capture data on foreign private capital for the reference period 2009, 2010 and 2011 and investor perceptions on the business environment in 2013.

The implementation of the survey was broadly in five stages namely; survey design and sourcing of funds; training of personnel and data collection; data capture and editing; data analysis and report writing and the dissemination of the results. The FIS 2013 personnel were intensively trained and the data collection exercise took three months. Sensitization of potential respondents through press advertisement while software development for the survey database by Macroeconomic and Financial Management Institute of Eastern and Southern Africa (MEFMI) in collaboration with the Bureau, was done prior to the commencement of the data collection.

Foreign Liabilities
The stock of Foreign Liabilities increased by 16.9 per cent from KSh 526,262 million in 2009 to KSh 615,088 million in 2010. The stock of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Other Investment (OI), Portfolio Investment (PI) accounted for 65.2, 19.3 and 15.5 per cent of the total liabilities respectively, in 2010. In 2011, the stock of foreign liabilities increased by 14.0 per cent from KSh 615,088 million in 2010 to KSh 701,479 million. The stock of FDI had the largest share of 65.9 per cent, followed by Other Investment with a share of 19.0 per cent and Portfolio Investment accounting for 15.0 per cent of the total liabilities in 2011.The United Kingdom and Mauritius were the main sources of inflows each accounting for 20.4 per cent and 36.2 per cent in 2010 and 31.7 per cent and 34.8 per cent in 2011 of the total inflows. Inflows from China accounted for 20.3 per cent of the total inflows in 2010 and 4.7 per cent in 2011. South Africa’s share of total inflows in 2010 was 2.0 per cent while in 2011 was 5.1 per cent. Inflows from Belgium accounted for 5.6 per cent of the total inflows in 2011.Manufacturing was the major investment sector by foreign investors accounting for 19.3, 21.5 and 21.4 per cent of the total external liabilities in 2009, 2010 and 2011 respectively. Financial and insurance activities and Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply sectors came second and third with Human health and social work activities sector accounting for the least share of total liabilities of approximately 0.03 per cent on average across the reference period.

Total foreign liability inflows and outflows increased by 16.9 per cent and 52.6 per cent to KSh 201,704 million and KSh 89,664 million in 2010 compared to KSh 172,518 million and KSh 58,767 million recorded in 2009. This resulted into a decline of 1.5 per cent in the total net inflows in 2010. However, in 2011 the net inflows increased by 18.0 per cent to stand at KSh 132,261 million compared to KSh 112,040 million recorded in 2010. Foreign Direct Investment inflows contributed the largest component of total inflows in 2010 accounting for 73.9 per cent. In 2011, inflows in the form of direct investments increased by 33.0 per cent from KSh 149,122 million in 2010 to KSh 198,398 million and accounted for 71.8 per cent of the total inflows. Inflows were mainly in the form of Equity and Investment Fund Shares and short term debt instruments. In 2011, inflows of Portfolio Investment increased by 39.0 per cent to KSh 44,434 million from KSh 31,974 million in 2010. Other Investment inflows increased by 63.2 per cent in 2011 compared to a growth of 52.4 per cent in 2010. Inflows of Other Investment in 2010 were mainly driven by short term trade credits and advances whereas in 2011 were on account of long term loans which more than tripled.

Total outflows of external liabilities increased by 52.6 per cent from KSh 58,767 million in 2009 to KSh 89,664 million in 2010. Similarly, outflows of total foreign liabilities increased by 60.8 per cent to KSh 144,204 million in 2011. Foreign Direct Investment outflows increased by 92.7 per cent in 2010 due to increase in short term outflows of debt instruments which more than doubled during the same period. Outflows of Foreign Direct Investments in 2011 increased by 60.3 per cent to KSh 86,933 million accounting for 60.3 per cent of the total outflows. In 2010, Portfolio Investment outflows more than doubled whereas outflows of Other Investment contracted by 14.5 per cent to KSh 19,849 million. The decline in Other Investment outflows was mainly in short term Accounts payables/receivables. In 2011, outflows of Other Investment followed a similar trend decreasing by 9.3 per cent mainly on account of decline in long term loans.

Foreign Assets
The total stock of Kenya’s foreign assets increased from KSh 28,767 million in 2009 to KSh 42,272 million in 2010 and to KSh 63,005 million in 2011.Foreign Direct Investment, Portfolio Investment and Other Investment registered an upward trend in the three years. The increase in Foreign Direct Investment was mainly on Equity and Investment Fund share, which increased by 26.4 per cent to KSh 11,731 million in 2010 and more than doubled to KSh 27,141 million in 2011. Short term debt instruments increased by 87.0 per cent to KSh 18,133 million in 2010 but decreased by 3.9 per cent to KSh 17,419 million in 2011.Within Portfolio investment, long term debt securities increased from KSh 43.2 million to KSh 325 million and to KSh 408 million in 2009, 2010 and 2011, respectively. Under Other Investments, long term trade credits and advances increased by 19.1 per cent in 2010 and 56.2 per cent in 2011. Short term accounts receivables/payables increased by 13.0 per cent from KSh 556 million in 2009 to KSh 628 million in 2010 but declined by 22.1 per cent to KSh 489 million in 2011.The country’s external assets were pre-dominantly held in Africa, with the least assets being held in Australia and Oceanic. Total external assets held in Africa in 2009, 2010 and 2011 stood at KSh 15,971 million, KSh 19,086 million and KSh 42,888 million respectively, translating into a share of 55.5, 45.2 and 68.1 per cent of the total stock of external assets, respectively.

Trade in Services
The amount paid for services provided by non-residents to Kenyans firms increased from KSh 29,387 million in 2009 to KSh 29,766 million in 2010 then to KSh 39,754 million in 2011 representing overall growth of 35.3 per cent. The huge jump between 2010 and 2011 was attributed to significant growth in amount paid for services provided in construction service and sectors. Amount paid by firms in construction sector more than doubled from KSh 1,359 million in 2010 to KSh 4,483 million in 2011 while that in telecommunication, computer & information service grew by 36.6 per cent from KSh 18,878 million in 2010 to KSh 25,778 million in 2011.

Investor Perception
Both customs & excise duty and corporate tax were viewed as having a negative effect on business by most enterprises during the survey. Access to domestic and international markets were however rated to have a net positive effect on business operations. Domestic sources of finance remained the major sources of project financing, though some firms indicated reliance on regional and international finance to drive their growth agenda. However, a large proportion of the respondents indicated that interest rates, inflation and exchange rate had a net negative effect on business operations.

Internet services had positive impact on business operations while electricity supply continued to impact negatively on investments decisions. Water and postal services were found to have a net positive effect as indicated by over half of the respondents. Banking and insurance services also had positive effect on business operations and although firms indicated that credit was expensive, it was easier to access.  Download Foreign Investment Survey 2013

Message from Director General KNBS during the African Statistics Day 18th November, 2014

africa.fwToday, we join our colleagues across the Continent in commemorating the African statistics day. As we celebrate, we take cognizance of the many achievements we have made in statistics.

Kenya in particular has made great strides in the realization of importance of statistics as evidenced by the increased demand of statistical information from the public, private sector,development partners and the government. KNBS would like to acknowledge the very significant role that statistics play, because they are an essential tool in public administration. They are instruments that ensure transparency in decision-making and are a very important link between national and international data, based on international sound methodologies. Our statistical products are readily accessible in various platforms. The Bureau currently avails statistical products on the website, online data portals and in printed reports. These platforms ensure transparency, accountability and inclusiveness in decision-making. In the last one year, our key achievements in the production of statistical information include:

• Release of annual reports such as the Economic Survey Report, Kenya Facts and Figures and the Statistical Abstracts. In addition, the Leading Economic Indicators and the Consumer Price Indices are produced monthly. Other reports produced on a quarterly basis include the Producer Price Indices and the Gross Domestic Product.

• Utilization of sound methodologies and international best practices in production of statistics.

• Rebasing of National Accounts that have rated Kenya as a lower middle income country.

• Conducting socio-economic household based surveys such as the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS) and Kenya Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (KURHI).

• Production and dissemination of Socio-Economic Atlas of Kenya.

I encourage you to interact with our website (www.knbs.or.ke) for a comprehensive list of statistical releases and other open data portal links. We are grateful to the Government, Development Partners; all the users, producers and suppliers of statistics, for the continued support and collaboration.

In particular, we would like to single out households and operators of various establishments who usually respond to the various questionnaires administered to them by the Bureau. The Bureau appreciates the role played by the media in disseminating statistical information.

Remarks By Ms. Anne Waiguru, OGW, Cabinet Secretary, Ministry Of Devolution And Planning, During the African Statistics Day Celebrations at KICC on Tuesday 18th November, 2014.


Principal Secretary (ies),
KNBS Board Chairman,
Other Board members,
Director General, KNBS,
Representatives of various Ministries,
Representatives of Development Partners,
Representatives of the Private Sector,
Distinguished Guests,
All Protocols observed,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
May I take this opportunity to welcome you all to the African Statistics Day which is celebrated on 18th of November, every year. This event was initiated in 1990 by the subsidiary body of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the Joint African Conference of Planners, Statisticians, and Demographers.

The day is celebrated each year in order to increase awareness about the important role statistics play in all aspects of social and economic development in Africa. This awareness provides an opportunity to advocate for systematic and increased use of statistics for evidence-based decision making, with a view to enhance the relevance of statistics and mainstream statistics into national and county development plans.

Ladies and Gentlemen,
In Kenya, this day has been set aside by the Government in order to sensitize stakeholders, non-governmental organizations, research institutions, media and all producers and users of official statistics on the significance of statistics in national planning. The goal of today’s celebrations is to promote official statistics and recognize the work and efforts of statisticians in not only producing and disseminating statistical information, but also creating awareness on the meaning and use of such statistics in all spheres of development.

This day seeks to highlight the pivotal role that statistics play in our day-to-day lives among them, acknowledging the services provided by the global statistical system at international, national and county levels. This strengthens the awareness and trust of the public in official statistics. It serves as an advocacy tool to further support the work of statisticians across different settings, cultures, and domains.

Ladies and Gentlemen,
Each year, the celebration is structured around a particular theme. This year’s theme is “Open data for Accountability and Inclusiveness”. This theme is meant to promote efficiency, transparency and accountability, as well as inclusiveness in governance.

The right to access public information is the prerequisite to exercising rights and mechanisms of participation. A lot of progress has been made towards increasing access to official statistical information. Nevertheless, substantial gaps still remain. The Guidelines on Open Government Data and Services stress that open data provide the foundation to enable citizens to better understand the way their Government works, how tax revenue is spent, and the decision-making process behind the allocation of national and county governments budgets. By involving citizens in decision-making, Governments can achieve more efficient and equitable outcomes. It is necessary, therefore, to remove barriers hindering access to information in order for political, social and economic participation to be carried out by informed citizens.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Opening up government data and information, therefore, are key foundations to enabling engagement with citizens by using new technologies to connect the public to government and to one another. This invites individuals and organizations to transform data and information into tools and applications that help individuals, institutions and communities; and to promote partnerships with government to create innovative solutions to the opportunities and challenges faced by citizens. Open data therefore can improve inclusiveness by giving citizens the information they need to participate in public decision-making.

Innovative open data systems for example, the Kenya Open Data Portal, provide a good starting point for open data for accountability and inclusiveness. Kenya has a government run open data initiative, the Kenya Open Data Initiative (KODI), which is housed in the Ministry of Information Communication and Technology (ICT), and is managed by the Kenya ICT Board. As a country we are proud to note that Kenya was the first country in sub- Saharan Africa to establish an open data portal.

As we approach the 2015 deadline for the Millennium Development Goals, there are growing calls for the new post-2015 framework to include goals for more effective, accountable, and inclusive institutions for all. The government, through this Ministry is already working on targets for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and mechanisms for monitoring our progress towards achieving the same. This includes putting forward a proposal including targets for reducing corruption, promoting transparency, access to information and accountability, as well as ensuring decision-making processes are more inclusive and representative.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

I take this opportunity to pay gratitude to our development partners namely; AfDB, IMF, DFID, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNDP, World Bank, USAID, SIDA and other bilateral and multilateral development partners that have supported us in the field of statistical capacity development and planning.

My Ministry also takes note of the important role played by the media in informing the general populace of results, developments and new events in the statistical fields. I assure you of my firm commitment that new opportunities for cooperation in statistical development shall continue to evolve and strengthen. This is in particular reference to collaborative arrangements with research institutions, public universities, development partners and other stakeholders to widen frontiers towards assimilation of statistics and information technology in economic planning and development.

Finally, I wish to thank all Kenyan households, enterprises the private sector and civil society, for their cooperation in provision of data.

Thank You.

Download Bulletin I Bulletin II

African Statistics Day: Message from the Cabinet Secretary, Ministry of Devolution and Planning Anne Waiguru, OGW

CS Ann Waiguru.fwToday all National Statistics Offices across Africa celebrate the 14th African Statistics Day whose theme is Open Data for Accountability and Inclusiveness. This celebration is now entrenched in many African countries as an annual event. The main objective of today’s celebrations as envisaged in this year’s theme is to raise awareness among the public about the important role played by statistics in all aspects of social and economic development.
This awareness provides an opportunity to advocate for systematic and increased use of statistics for evidence-based decision making, with a view of enhancing the relevance of statistics and mainstreaming statistics into national and county development plans.Statistics are also vital in monitoring and evaluating the progress of attainment of vision 2030, Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as well as informing on the proposed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

In the last two decades in Kenya, an increasing number of public-sector organizations have embraced open data as a way to boost visibility into government decisionmaking and performance. 

The idea has expanded from focusing on government transparency as an end in itself to the realization it can yield economic and social value across a much wider spectrum. It has shifted from publishing raw datasets to making this information more accessible and understandable to more people.

Opening up government data and information are key foundations to enabling engagement with citizens by using new technologies to connect the public to government and to one another. Making government data and information available online invites individuals and organizations to transform data and information into tools and applications that help individuals,institutions and communities; and to promote partnerships with government to create innovative solutions to the opportunities and challenges faced by citizens.
Open data therefore can improve inclusiveness by giving citizens the information they need to participate in public decision-making. The Guidelines on Open Government Data and Services stress that open data provide the foundation to enable citizens to better understand the way their Government works, how tax revenue is spent, and the decision-making process behind the allocation of national and county governments budgets. By involving citizens in decision-making, Governments can achieve more efficient and equitable outcomes. The right to access public information is the prerequisite to exercising rights and mechanisms of participation. It is necessary, therefore, to remove barriers hindering access to information in order for political participation to be carried out by informed citizens.

The theme for this year’s African Statistics Day fosters increased access to data, that is,data is freely used, re-used and redistributed by anyone. This data that is made available to all must adhere to the quality standards as guided by the United Nations Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics including professionalism, impartiality, relevance and timeliness. This is what sets KNBS apart in production of quality statistics that meet the tests of practical utility. I have full confidence in the statistics produced by the Bureau.We appreciate the initiatives and efforts the Bureau has undertaken to improve open access to data. Most aggregated data is now freely available to the public in open portals at the national level and on the KNBS website.

A number of open portals run by international agencies such as the United Nations, African Development Bank, Food and Agriculture organization, the World Bank are accessible greatly enhancing data access. Increased access to this information makes Kenya a credible country in attracting investment and accessing credit from international markets.

The Government, through my Ministry,remains committed to supporting funding of statistical activities undertaken by the Bureau and implementation of open data initiative at county level. We acknowledge technical and financial support received from our Development Partners and all stakeholders in data provision and dissemination. I appreciate KNBS staff for their commitment in ensuring the provision of credible statistics.I join the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics and call upon all stakeholders,development partners and the general public to come together and join us in celebrating
this year’s African Statistics Day.

Download Bulletin IBulletin II

Launch of The Socio-Economic Atlas of Kenya On 10th November 2014


Principal Secretary (ies);
KNBS Board Chairman;
Director General KNBS;
Director CETRAD;
Director CDE;
Members of the Diplomatic Corps;
Representatives of Development Partners;
Representatives from various Ministries;
Members of the Fourth Estate;
Distinguished Guests;
Ladies and Gentlemen;
Let me take this opportunity to welcome you all to this official launch of the Kenya Socio-Economic Atlas Report. The report highlights socio-economic development indicators based on the 2009 Population and Housing Census and 2005/6 Kenya Integrated Household Budget Survey data. This is the first report that presents socio-economic development indicators spatially at the sub-location level, is a culmination of a national welfare and poverty mapping project that was initiated in 2011.

From the outset, allow me to sincerely thank Kenya National Bureau of Statistics for their central role in preparation of this report in collaboration with Centre for Training and Integrated Research for ASAL Development (CETRAD) and Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), University of Berne, Switzerland. In the same breath, let me also take this opportunity to express the Government’s gratitude to the Swiss Government and in particular, the different institutions and projects including the Centre for Development and Environment (CDE) and the Institute of Geography both of the University of Bern; Eastern and Southern Africa Partnership Programme (ESAPP) and National Centres of Competence in Research (NCCR), both funded by the Swiss Development Corporation (SDC) and the Swiss National Science Foundation. I also recognise the additional support from the Volkswagen Foundation. Last but not least, I laud the University of Bern for the invaluable technical support in the entire process of developing this Atlas.
Ladies and Gentlemen;
National planning requires comprehensive statistical information to ensure decisions are based on sound analysis. Indeed, timely and accurate data provides backbone of evidence-based public policy, which helps bring about meaningful reforms and policy improvements that, in turn, facilitate performance-based management. Hence Socio-Economic Atlas is a policy tool that will provide fact-based insights useful for planning. In addition, the Atlas will be an invaluable input for policy and decision making at all levels of governance. The County Government Act No. 17 of 2012 Part XI obligates counties to develop a ten year Geographical Information System (GIS) based spatial plans, which are envisaged to drive county governance. The Atlas we are launching today will form a basis for these plans. It is envisaged that it will trigger debate on the various aspects of development of the Country at both national and county levels.
Ladies and Gentlemen;
This atlas arrives at a crucial development moment following the new era of devolved government, launch of the Second Medium Term Plan (2013–2017) and the forthcoming post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals agenda. The development and implementation of these national development plans and other strategies will benefit greatly from the analysis of socio-economic indicators in this atlas. For instance, the atlas depicts interlinkages of poverty and natural resource use which will aid in making informed decisions.

Ladies and Gentlemen;
Institutions strive for a world that is just, equitable and inclusive, and committed to work together to promote sustained and inclusive economic growth, social development and environmental protection and thereby to benefit all, in particular the children of the world, youth and future generations of the world without distinction of any kind. The world is now changing at a faster rate than at any other time in our history. New technologies are emerging faster than we can get used to the existing ones. Demographic profiles are changing across most of the world. Social transformations are re-defining and altering traditions and values. Democracy too, is becoming more and more entrenched. Nearer home, mobile telephony has revolutionized how we socialize, do business and even study and devolution has brought about a complete paradigm shift in governance. The socio-economic indicators in the atlas depict these changes and trends to enable informed planning.

Ladies and Gentlemen;
The launch of the Socio-Economic Atlas Report is just but one of many reports that are scheduled to be released by the Bureau to inform policy makers at the different levels of governance and development partners. It is expected that we should take advantage of the information available to inform our programmes.

In conc lusion, Ladies and Gentlemen;
My ministry takes note of the important role played by the media in informing and in shaping the public opinion. Hence I call upon you to partner with us and play that pivotal role in informing the general populace of results, developments and new events in the statistical fields.
The Atlas team has an ambitious dissemination plan up to the lowest devolved unit. In that regard, I would like to call upon the media to work with us in the dissemination exercise so that this report can be used to inform decision-making and planning at lowest level.
I hereby, Ladies and Gentlemen, declare the National Socio-Economic Atlas officially launched.
Thank you.

Highlights of The Socio-Economic Atlas of Kenya

social economic atlas of kenya.fwThe Socio-Economic Atlas of Kenya is the first of its kind to offer high-resolution spatial depictions and analyses of data collected in the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census. The combination of geographic and socio-economic data enables policymakers at all levels, development experts, and other interested readers to gain a spatial understanding of dynamics affecting Kenya. Where is the informal economic sector most prominent? Which areas have adequate water and sanitation? Where is population growth being slowed effectively? How do education levels vary throughout the country? And where are poverty rates lowest? Answers to questions such as these, grouped into seven broad themes, are visually illustrated on high-resolution maps.

By supplying precise information at the sub-location level and summarizing it at the county level, the atlas facilitates better planning that accounts for local contexts and needs. It is a valuable decision-support tool for government institutions at different administrative levels, educational institutions, and others.
Table of content: (1) Introduction & Background – 9 maps (2) Population Distribution & Dynamics – 14 maps (3) Water, Sanitation & Energy – 8 maps (4) Household Assets & Communication – 8 maps (5) Poverty & Welfare – 7 maps (6) Education – 9 maps (7) Economic Activities – 8 maps
Three organizations – two in Kenya and one in Switzerland – worked together to create the atlas: the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS), the Nanyuki-based Centre for Training and Integrated Research in ASAL Development (CETRAD), and the Centre for Development and Environment (CDE) at the University of Bern. Close cooperation between KNBS, CETRAD, and CDE maximized synergies and knowledge exchange.


Highlights of the Socio-Economic Atlas of Kenya

Economic atlas of Kenya Design and innovations

‘Exploring Kenya’s Inequality: Pulling Apart or Pooling Together?’

inequality.fwKenya, like all African countries, focused on poverty alleviation at independence, perhaps due to the level of vulnerability of its populations but also as a result of the ‘trickle down’ economic discourses of the time, which assumed that poverty rather than distribution mattered – in other words, that it was only necessary to concentrate on economic growth because, as the country grew richer, this wealth would trickle down to benefit the poorest
sections of society. Inequality therefore had a very low profile in political, policy and scholarly discourses. In recent years though, social dimensions such as levels of access to education, clean water and sanitation are important in assessing people’s quality of life. Being deprived of these essential services deepens poverty and reduces people’s well-being. Stark differences in accessing these essential services among different groups make it difficult to reduce poverty even when economies are growing. According to the Economist (June 1, 2013), a 1% increase in incomes in the most unequal countries produces a mere 0.6 percent reduction in poverty. In the most equal countries, the same 1% growth yields a 4.3% reduction in poverty. Poverty and inequality are thus part of the same problem, and there is a strong case to be made for both economic growth and redistributive policies.
From this perspective, Kenya’s quest in vision 2030 to grow by 10% per annum must also ensure that inequality is reduced along the way and all people benefit equitably from development initiatives and resources allocated. Since 2004, the Society for International Development (SID) and Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) have collaborated to spearhead inequality research in Kenya. Through their initial publications such as ‘Pulling Apart:Facts and Figures on Inequality in Kenya,’ which sought to present simple facts about various manifestations of inequality in Kenya, the understanding of Kenyans of the subject was deepened and a national debate on the dynamics, causes and possible responses started.The report ‘Geographic Dimensions of Well-Being in Kenya:

Who and Where are the Poor?’ elevated the poverty and inequality discourse further while the publication ‘Readings on Inequality in Kenya: Sectoral Dynamics and Perspectives’ presented the causality, dynamics and other technical aspects of inequality.
KNBS and SID in this publication go further to present monetary measures of inequality such as expenditure patterns of groups and non-money metric measures of inequality in important livelihood parameters like employment, education, energy, housing, water and sanitation to show the levels of vulnerability and patterns of unequal access to essential social services at the national, county and constituency levels.
We envisage that this work will be particularly helpful to county leaders who are tasked with the responsibility of ensuring equitable social and economic development while addressing the needs of marginalized groups and regions. We also hope that it will help in informing public engagement with the devolution process and be instrumental in formulating strategies and actions to overcome exclusion of groups or individuals from the benefits of growth and development in Kenya.
It is therefore our great pleasure to present ‘Exploring Kenya’s Inequality: Pulling Apart or Pooling Together?’

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