Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) initiated the process of implementing Tourism Satellite Account (TSA) a task that calls for concerted efforts by all producers and users of the tourism statistics in Kenya.
Inbound/Outbound Tourism Expenditure survey will quantify inbound and outbound tourism which involves measuring the volume and expenditure patterns of tourists.
So far, KNBS in conjunction with the Ministry of Tourism, Department of Immigration Services, Central Bank of Kenya and Kenya Tourism Board have conducted a number of Inbound and Outbound Tourism Expenditure Surveys to collect data towards development of the TSA. The last of such a survey was undertaken in December, 2015 for the high season (Phase 1). The low season (Phase 2) has been planned to be conducted in selected border stations for a period of 15 days between 30th May and 20th June, 2016.

Data Collection
Data will be collected by research assistants at the eight selected border stations, namely (Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, Moi International Airport, Lunga Lunga, Namanga, Busia, Malaba, Taveta and Isebania).
A survey team comprising of research assistants and supervisors will be interviewing tourists who will be departing (non-Kenyan residents) and those arriving (Kenyan residents), and recording information on questionnaires.

Expected Output
The survey is designed to achieve the following outputs at the end of the exercise;
• Form part of an integrated approach in developing and formulating a Tourism Satellite Account (TSA) for Kenya
• Determine the expenses incurred and activities Inbound and Outbound visitors participate in, the transport and accommodation types used and places visited
• Provide demographic information about Inbound and Outbound visitors and their reasons for travelling.


1. Introduction
Informal Cross-Border Trade (ICBT) refers to trade transactions of goods that involve residents and non-residents across the economic boundaries that are largely not recorded by Customs authorities. ICBT is legal activity which involves trade in goods that are easily identified and can be recorded. Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) conduct ICBT Surveys, to supplement merchandise data obtained from Customs. The survey therefore generate information on informal trade transactions to be used for improving the coverage and completeness of external trade statistics. The survey will provide insights on the economic interdependence between the neighboring countries and the dynamics of international demand for these products.
ICBT surveys are implemented in cycles in order to take into account the characteristics and seasonality of prevailing habits of informal trade. The 1st Cycle of the ICBT Survey 2015/16 was conducted in November, 2015 whereas, the 2nd started on 30th May – 20th June 2016.

2. Objective
The main objective of ICBT 2015/16 survey is to collect data and information on the magnitude and direction of unrecorded trade. Data and information collected will be used to compile external trade, balance of payments and national accounts statistics for 2016.

3. Data Collection
The 2nd Cycle of ICBT Survey 2015/16 commenced on 30th May, 2016. The data collection will be undertaken at selected border stations, namely: Lunga Lunga, Shimoni, Isebania, Busia, Malaba, Lwakhakha, Namanga, Mandera, Moyale, Rhamu, Lokichoggio, Loitokitok, Taveta.

4. Legal Framework
The data is collected under the Statistics Act, 2006 that authorizes KNBS to collect, analyze and disseminate statistical information, as well as coordinate the National Statistical System (NSS).

5. Collaboration with other institutions
The survey is carried out in collaboration with stakeholder institutions that include the Central Bank of Kenya, the Kenya Revenue Authority and Ministry of Industry, Trade and Cooperatives.


Completed Surveys

  1. 2014 Kenya Demographic and health Survey (KDHS)
  2. 2015 Kenya Malaria Indicator Survey
  3. 2014 WHO STEPS Survey
  4. Kenya National Manpower Survey (KNMS) 2010
  5. Cost of Agricultural Production Survey (CAPS) 2012
  6. Integrated Survey of Services (ISS) 2012
  7. Cross-Border Trade Survey (CBTS) 2012
  8. Cross Border Trade Survey (CBTS) 2011
  9. Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2011
  10. Working Children baseline survey 2010
  11. Tourism – Villas 2010
  12. Central Kenya Dry Area Smallholder and Community Services Development Project (CKDAP) – 2010
  13. Kenya Urban Reproductive Health Initiative, 2010
  14. Kenya Malaria Indicator Survey 2010
  15. Information Communication and Technology Survey 2010
  16. Foreign Investment Survey 2010
  17. Kenya Population and Housing Census 2009
  18. Kenya Demographic and Health Survey 2008-09
  19. Kenya Aids Indicator Survey 2007
  20. Kenya Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, Eastern (MICS) 2007
  21. Kenya Integrated Household Budget Survey 2005-2006


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