MESSAGE FROM MACDONALD G. OBUDHO, MBS, DIRECTOR GENERAL, KNBS

AFRICAN STATISTICS DAY CELEBRATIONS:18th NOVEMBER, 2020
Theme: “Modernizing National Statistical Systems to Provide Data and Statistics to Support Sustainable Peace and Development in Africa”

 

                                                                                         Macdonald George Obudho, MBS

Today, Kenya joins other African countries in celebrating the African Statistics Day in recognition of the need for quality statistics to inform decision making and debate that support the development agenda. The African Statistics Day is an annual fete celebrated on 18th November every year to raise public awareness of the critical role that statistics play in all aspects of social and economic life.

This year’s theme is in tandem with that of the African Union for the year 2020, “Silencing the guns: Creating conducive conditions for Africa’s development”. The theme was chosen to raise awareness among decision-makers, technical and ­financial partners, data producers, researchers and the general public about the critical importance of governance and socioeconomic statistics in achieving the goal of a conflict-free Africa. Peace, security and socioeconomic development must be pursued simultaneously to make “silencing the guns” a reality across the continent. The theme is also hinged on the importance of improving the National Statistical Systems (NSS) to drive the development agenda through evidence-based decision making and policy formulation.

Globally, it is acknowledged that peace and development are intertwined. In recognition of this fact, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution to pursue the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015. The resolution identified specific targets for each goal to be achieved by 2030 as a milestone for global economic development. For each target, indicators were identified to be used in measuring its progress. The national statistical offices are therefore expected to be at the forefront of making the requisite data more available and easily understood to aid tracking and visualization of progress towards the goals. It is against this background that the discussion on modernization of the NSS is not only relevant but timely.

In Kenya, the Government, through the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics is in the process of finalizing the Kenya Strategy for the Development of Statistics (KSDS) which will provide a stratagem for developing statistical capacity across the entire NSS that include county governments. In summary, KSDS outlines four (4) strategic focus areas namely; Effective National Statistical System, Improvement of Data quality, Development/Strengthening of Infrastructure for Statistics Production, and Statistical Advocacy.

Under the fourth Schedule of our Constitution, both the National and County governments have a role to play in generating statistics for planning purposes. In particular, the national government has the responsibility of producing and managing statistics on population, the economy and society at the national level. At this stage of constitutional implementation, and with the devolution of service provision to county level, the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) which is the Principal Government Agency mandated to: collect, compile, analyze, publish and disseminate socio-economic and demographic statistical information for public use, has a key role to play in providing technical advice in provision of quality statistics.

We hasten to add, that quality statistics are also required for monitoring the country’s economic blueprint Vision 2030 and the transformative Big 4 development Agenda alongside other internationally agreed programmes such as Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Africa’s Agenda 2063 and other policy documents. Mobilization of data and subsequent analysis to monitor progress in achieving the development agenda requires robust strategies to marshal the required information through the National Statistical System.

The contribution of statistics to peace goes beyond counting the sorrows caused by conflict. Statistics can be used to create the conditions that are conductive to Africa’s development. I am delighted to note that KNBS collects statistics on governance, peace and security as well as on socio-economic characteristics and disseminates them annually through Economic Survey and Statistical Abstract publications.

Governance statistics are fundamental in ensuring that the relationship between the state and its people is inclusive, transparent and accountable. Indeed, they contribute in the measurement and realization of human rights. In addition, they help in identifying groups and sub-groups in the population that are most affected by the dysfunctions of governance systems, with a view of putting in place appropriately targeted policies. The statistics also contribute in preventing and managing conflict, when used as early warning systems; and can as well help to build peace, by periodically informing on state-society relations, which lie at the center of sustainable peace. On the other hand, socio-economic statistics are essential to understanding the welfare of citizens and are therefore useful in planning and in policy design. Further, statistics also help to capture the impact of digitization and globalization on production, consumption, employment, investment and financial flows.

In the present day, there is need to modernize the systems for data mobilization with a view to improving on timeliness and reducing cost of statistical production. In the case of Kenya, KNBS plans to enhance use of mobile data for social change and explore harnessing of the Big Data and other non-traditional data sources for official statistics. This is expected to facilitate efficient use of resources in statistical production and also embracing use of modern methodologies in statistical production.

One of the key strategies that the Bureau is employing is modernization of data collection methods. This is partly achieved by leveraging on enhanced use of Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) techniques, which enable faster release of the results. For example, in 2019 the Kenya Population and Housing Census was conducted using CAPI techniques resulting in a significant improvement in timeliness of dissemination of the census results. In addition, KNBS has of late adopted use of Computer Assisted Telephone Interviews (CATI) in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic. Moreover, the Bureau, in collaboration with other institutions has been exploring use of alternative sources and techniques for production of official statistics.

Article  35 of the Constitution of Kenya Chapter gives every citizen the right of access to information held by the State. KNBS has put in place a data dissemination policy and measures to guide on how citizens will access the official statistical information. Among such measures is setting up data dissemination platforms to accommodate all types of data users. This also includes access to other data and information such as geo-spatial data. To keep to our commitment of confidentiality to our esteemed data producers, the information and data are always anonymized.

As we celebrate this day, I appeal to all our data providers to cooperate with the Bureau in providing accurate and reliable information and data on governance, peace and security. I reiterate our commitment in keeping with the spirit of Statistics Act that guarantees confidentiality of the information provided. We are grateful to the Government for the continued support in ensuring that the rights of all citizens are guarded and for availing funds to ensure sustainability and development. It is our hope that marking this day provides an avenue for awareness creation on the critical role played by statistics in our everyday lives.

In the meantime, KNBS will endeavor to keep you informed through statistical reports available on our website, www.knbs.or.ke that is regularly updated. This is in line with this year’s theme: “Modernizing national statistical systems to provide data and statistics to support sustainable peace and development in Africa”.

Happy African Statistics Day!!

AFRICAN STATISTICS DAY CELEBRATIONS

OFFICIAL HAND OVER OF KNBS DIRECTOR GENERAL

Mr Macdonal George Obudho is the new Kenya National Bureau of Statistics Director General. Mr Obudho has taken over from Mr Zachary Chege Mwangi who served as KNBS Director General for eight (8) years.

Macdonald G. Obudho joined Kenya National Bureau of Statistics in 1995 and holds a Master of Science degree in Statistics from Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology and Bachelor of Science degree in Mathematics and Computer Science from the same university. He is currently pursuing PhD course in statistics.

He has risen through the ranks from Statistician III to the current position of Director General. Mr. Obudho has vast experience in conducting population and housing censuses including the first ever Kenyan digital census that was conducted in 2019. He has competency in designing and carrying out statistical sample surveys and compilation of official statistics. He has successfully spearheaded many surveys in the areas of demography and social statistics.

From his statistical background, he is experienced in designing and creating different types of statistical household sampling frames. He also served in the KNBS field offices and later coordinated them for many years. His experience in top management spans over 13 years and this gives him a rich administrative and technical experience. He has a number of certificates under his name that arise from short and long courses, workshops, conferences and seminars attended both locally and abroad.

He serves in a number of Boards including Hazina SACCO Ltd. As a result of exemplary work in design and execution of the 2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census, Mr. Obudho was honoured with a State Award; The Moran of the Order of the Burning Spear (MBS).

Consumer Price Indices and Inflation Rates for October 2020

Kenya National Bureau of Statistics hereby releases Consumer Price Indices (CPI) and Rates of Inflation, for October, 2020. The overall year on year inflation in October 2020 stood at 4.84 per cent. The indices and inflation rates were generated from data collected through a survey of retail prices that targeted a basket of household consumption goods and services. The survey was conducted during the second and third weeks of the month, with prices being obtained from selected retail outlets located in 50 data collection zones, 14 of which are in Nairobi and 36 in other urban areas.

The CPI increased by 0.95 per cent from 108.57 in September 2020 to 109.60 in October 2020.

CONSUMER PRICE INDICES AND INFLATION RATES FOR OCTOBER 2020

Foreign Investment Survey 2020 data collection

Foreign Investment Survey 2020 data collection

The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) in collaboration with the Central Bank of Kenya (CBK) and Kenya Investment Authority (KenInvest) are conducting the 2020 Foreign Investment Survey (FIS 2020). The survey which started in September is the sixth in a series of foreign investment surveys conducted since 2010. FIS 2020 will run until November 2020.

The purpose of Foreign Investment Surveys is improve the quality and update national statistics on stocks and flows of foreign capital as well as international trade.

The objectives of Foreign Investment Surveys include;

  • To collect comprehensive information on the stocks and flows of inward and outward foreign capital.
  • To improve the quality of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Statistics, and
  • To collect data and information on foreign investment relationships for compiling Foreign Affiliates Trade Statistics (FATS) and international trade in services statistics.

The data collected will be used in the compilation of Balance of Payments (BOP) and International Investment Position (IIP) statistics in line with recommendations of international statistics frameworks. The data will also be used for economic and investment policy formulation and decision making.

The survey seeks to obtain transactional and stocks data of enterprise capital, trade, services, employment and perception of business environment. The data being sought is for 2017, 2018 and 2019.

The survey will be administered to statistically selected resident enterprises. The field survey personnel which include Research Assistants and their Supervisors have been deployed to provide guidance to enterprises in completing the FIS 2020 questionnaire. Information provided by individual enterprises will be treated as confidential and used strictly for statistical purposes. The survey personnel are under oath not to disclose any information provided by the enterprises to a third party. Confidentiality is guaranteed under the Statistics Act, 2006.

Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, Central Bank of Kenya and Kenya Investment Authority are jointly conducting Foreign Investment Survey 2020. Other key stakeholders include; Capital Markets Authority (CMA), Export Processing Zones Authority (EPZA), Insurance Regulatory Authority (IRA) and Kenya Association Manufactures (KAM).

These statistics are collected under the Statistics Act, 2006 which empowers KNBS to collect and compile Balance of Payments Statistics and the position of Kenya’s external assets and liabilities, among other information/data. Failure to comply with the Statistics Act, 2006 constitutes an offence and may result into legal and administrative action.

Queries, clarifications or assistance regarding the completion of the questionnaire will be addressed by the Research Assistant or the Supervisor. Further information concerning the FIS 2020 may be addressed to:

Director General

Kenya National Bureau of Statistics

Real Towers, Upper Hill, Hospital Road,

Tel. No.: +254 202 911 000, +254 202 911 001

Email Address: directorgeneral@knbs.or.ke

info@knbs.or.ke

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product Report – Second Quarter, 2020

Economic activity was markedly subdued in the second quarter of 2020 compared to the corresponding quarter in 2019. Real GDP contracted by 5.7 per cent in the review period compared to an expansion of 5.3 per cent in the second quarter of 2019. Although Kenya was somehow spared the severe effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in the first quarter of 2020, the economy was significantly affected by the disease in the second quarter of 2020. During this period, the country instituted measures aimed at containing the spread of the virus, that included restriction of movement in and out of some counties, closure of learning institutions, closure of some businesses especially those dealing in Accommodation and Food services, near cessation of international travel among others. As a result, the performance of most sectors of the economy were to a large extent negatively affected by these measures with output considerably constrained and in some cases came to a complete halt. The poor performance in the quarter was characterized by substantial contractions in Accommodation and Food Services, Education, Taxes on products, and Transportation and Storage, which consequently occasioned the significant downturn.

The overall performance during the review quarter was cushioned from a deeper slump by growths in Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing activities (6.4%); Financial and Insurance activities (4.2%); Construction (3.9%); Health Services (10.3%); Public Administration (5.7%); Real Estate Activities (2.2%) and Mining and Quarrying activities (10.0%).

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product Report – Second Quarter, 2020

Leading Economic Indicators – August 2020

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) increased marginally from 108.35 points in July 2020 to 108.57 points in August 2020. The overall rate of inflation remained at 4.36 per cent during the same period. In August 2020, the Kenyan Shilling depreciated against all major trading currencies. The average yield rate for the 91-day Treasury bills, which is a benchmark for the general trend of interest rates dropped from 6.24 per cent in July 2020 to 6.20 per cent in August 2020, while the inter-bank rate rose from 2.12 per cent to 2.77 per cent over the same period.

The Monthly Leading Economic Indicators report highlights changes in Consumer Price Indices (CPI) and inflation, interest and exchange rates. In addition, the report presents changes in selected indicators of international trade, agriculture, energy, manufacturing, building and construction, tourism and transport.

Leading Economic Indicators – August 2020

Consumer Price Indices and Inflation Rates for September 2020

Kenya National Bureau of Statistics hereby releases Consumer Price Indices (CPI) and Rates of Inflation, for September, 2020. The overall year on year inflation in September 2020 was 4.20 per cent compared to 4.36 per cent recorded in August 2020The CPI stood at 108.57 in September 2020, which was almost the same level as in August 2020. The indices and inflation rates were generated from data collected through a survey of retail prices that targeted a basket of household consumption goods and services.

The survey was conducted during the second and third weeks of the month, with prices being obtained from selected retail outlets located in 50 data collection zones, 14 of which are in Nairobi and 36 in other urban areas.

CONSUMER PRICE INDICES AND INFLATION RATES FOR SEPTEMBER 2020

 

Data collection for Foreign Investment Survey 2020

Foreign Investment Survey 2020 data collection

The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) in collaboration with the Central Bank of Kenya (CBK) and Kenya Investment Authority (KenInvest) are conducting the 2020 Foreign Investment Survey (FIS 2020). The survey will run from September to November 2020. The FIS 2020 is the sixth in a series of foreign investment surveys conducted since 2010.

Purpose

The purpose of Foreign Investment Surveys is improve the quality and update national statistics on stocks and flows of foreign capital as well as international trade.

Objectives of FIS 2020

The objectives of Foreign Investment Surveys include;

  • To collect comprehensive information on the stocks and flows of inward and outward foreign capital.
  • To improve the quality of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Statistics, and
  • To collect data and information on foreign investment relationships for compiling Foreign Affiliates Trade Statistics (FATS) and international trade in services statistics.

The data collected will be used in the compilation of Balance of Payments (BOP) and International Investment Position (IIP) statistics in line with recommendations of international statistics frameworks. The data will also be used for economic and investment policy formulation and decision making.

Reference Period

The survey seeks to obtain transactional and stocks data of enterprise capital, trade, services, employment and perception of business environment. The data being sought is for 2017, 2018 and 2019.

 Survey Administration

The survey will be administered to statistically selected resident enterprises. The field survey personnel which include Research Assistants and their Supervisors have been deployed to provide guidance to enterprises in completing the FIS 2020 questionnaire. Information provided by individual enterprises will be treated as confidential and used strictly for statistical purposes. The survey personnel are under oath not to disclose any information provided by the enterprises to a third party. Confidentiality is guaranteed under the Statistics Act, 2006.

Collaborations

Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, Central Bank of Kenya and Kenya Investment Authority are jointly conducting Foreign Investment Survey 2020. Other key stakeholders include; Capital Markets Authority (CMA), Export Processing Zones Authority (EPZA), Insurance Regulatory Authority (IRA) and Kenya Association Manufactures (KAM).

Legal Mandate

These statistics are collected under the Statistics Act, 2006 which empowers KNBS to collect and compile Balance of Payments Statistics and the position of Kenya’s external assets and liabilities, among other information/data. Failure to comply with the Statistics Act, 2006 constitutes an offence and may result into legal and administrative action.

Queries

Queries, clarifications or assistance regarding the completion of this questionnaire should be addressed by the Research Assistant or the Supervisor. Further information concerning the FIS 2020 may be addressed to:

Director General

Kenya National Bureau of Statistics

Real Towers, Upper Hill, Hospital Road,

Tel. No.: +254 202 911 000, +254 202 911 001

Email Address: directorgeneral@knbs.or.ke

info@knbs.or.ke

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