Economic activity was markedly subdued in the second quarter of 2020 compared to the corresponding quarter in 2019. Real GDP contracted by 5.7 per cent in the review period compared to an expansion of 5.3 per cent in the second quarter of 2019. Although Kenya was somehow spared the severe effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in the first quarter of 2020, the economy was significantly affected by the disease in the second quarter of 2020. During this period, the country instituted measures aimed at containing the spread of the virus, that included restriction of movement in and out of some counties, closure of learning institutions, closure of some businesses especially those dealing in Accommodation and Food services, near cessation of international travel among others. As a result, the performance of most sectors of the economy were to a large extent negatively affected by these measures with output considerably constrained and in some cases came to a complete halt. The poor performance in the quarter was characterized by substantial contractions in Accommodation and Food Services, Education, Taxes on products, and Transportation and Storage, which consequently occasioned the significant downturn.
The overall performance during the review quarter was cushioned from a deeper slump by growths in Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing activities (6.4%); Financial and Insurance activities (4.2%); Construction (3.9%); Health Services (10.3%); Public Administration (5.7%); Real Estate Activities (2.2%) and Mining and Quarrying activities (10.0%).